AcneControl TheraLine

Therapeutically Formulated to Treat and Cure Acne

 

All About Acne

What is Acne?

acneAcne is one of the most common of all skin problems. It affects most teenagers to some degree and even more adults. Acne shows up as whiteheads, blackheads, pimples and deep painful bumps that look like boils. Acne most commonly occurs on the face but can also appear on the neck, back, chest and shoulders. It is estimated that as many as 80% of people between 12 and 25 years of age suffer from acne. While in most people, acne clears up after few years, many suffer from permanent scarring of the skin. Even when there are few physical marks left, the emotional ones can be devastating.

Myths and Misconceptions:

Is acne caused by dirty skin?
    No - overcleansing and scrubbing your skin excessively will not help acne and it may make it worse. This can dry out and irritate your skin, increase inflammation and aggravate the situation. 
Is acne caused by certain foods?
    There is no clear associations have been made between foods and acne. However, some people are allergic to certain foods that can make acne worse.
Is acne caused by sexual activity?
    No - When you reach puberty, your body experiences hormonal changes that lead to the development and maturation of your sexual features and cause you to get acne. Acne is associated with these changes, not with sexual activity.
What effects cosmetics have on acne?
    While it is true that many creams, oils and greases can aggravate your acne, there are many cosmetic products you can use that do not, including sunscreens, moisturizers and foundations. Those that do not aggravate acne are labeled “non-acnegenic” or “non-comedogenic”. 

What Causes Acne?

During puberty rising hormone levels cause the sebaceous (oil) glands of the skin to get bigger. It is activated by male-type hormones found in both males and females. The sebaceous glands secrete an oily substance called sebum which empties onto the skin's surface through hair follicles. The cells shed more rapidly and stick together, plugging the opening of the hair follicle, resulting in whiteheads. When whiteheads are exposed to air they form blackheads. Also, the mixture of oil and cells helps the bacteria, especially P. Acnes, to grow and become virulent. The increased pressure within the clogged follicle causes the wall of the follicle to rupture. As a result, sebum, bacteria and shed skin cells escape into the surrounding tissue, forming papules, pustules and nodules that can be large and painful. This usually heals within 8 weeks. Nodular acne can result in permanent scarring.

Stages of Acne:

Acne has two stages:
1- Non-inflammatory: Mainly white and black heads.
2- Inflammatory: mainly papules, pustules, cysts and nodules

What to Avoid:

Food:
Some individuals feel that certain foods make their acne worse. Those foods should be avoided. However, there is no clear scientific evidence that food plays a role in the causation of acne.

Cosmetics:
Some cosmetics can trigger acne by causing acne to flare without causing blackheads. Oil-free cosmetics are recommended, but some people react even to these. Non-comedogenic, or non-acnegenic cosmetics are also available for use.

Over cleansing:
Avoid over cleansing. Acne is not caused by dirty skin.
Blackheads are not black because of dirt. They are black because the air oxidizes the clog. Do not scrub or rub your skin excessively.

Sweating:
Sweating appears to worsen acne in some people. Humidity may also worsen the condition.

Stress:
Stress can aggravate acne by inducing hormonal changes. It has no direct role in the causation of acne.

Sexual activity:
Sexual activity will not produce, cause, or aggravate acne.

Contraceptive Pills:
Certain contraceptive pills can temporarely help acne such as Ortho-tricyclen or Diane-35. Unfortunately any contraceptive pill can cause acne after many years even if you stop taking it. Progesterone may make your acne worse.
It’s common for all women to have acne flare-ups before their periods.

Squeezing:
It could aggravate your acne and increase the risk of spreading infection and acne scarring.

Acne Scars

scarsScars caused by acne are much more common than once believed. Most people will have acne scars that are mild. However, some will have scars that look significant. The best approach is prevention and to treat acne right away as sometimes even mild acne can cause scarring. This can minimize the risk of permanent acne scars.

Types of Acne Scars:

Ice pick scars - Deep pits, that are the most common and a classic sign of acne scarring.
Punched out  scars - Angular scars that usually occur on the temple and cheeks, and can be either superficial or deep. These are similar to chickenpox scars.
Shallow scars - Scars that give the skin a wave-like appearance.
Hypertrophic scars - Thickened, or keloid scars.